Ornamental Japanese Plum (Prunus cerasifera)
|Japanese Flowering Plum (Prunus cerasifera)||Mature height 24 to 26’ with a spread of 16 to 20’||Zones (4) 5 through 10; Full sun,|
|Bloom white or pink in early to late April|
There are many types of plum trees and they are usually grouped by their place of origin. There are American, European, and Japanese species, all of them justifiably appreciated for their flowers, foliage and fruit. Certain of these plum trees, however, are valued more for their ornamental flowers that decorate yards and gardens. Their fruit, if there is any, is not the goal. Perhaps most popular of the ornamental plums are the various forms of the Myobalan Plum (Prunus cerasifera) from Japan. Most at home in milder areas of the country, this flowering plum is very popular along the East coast. It adds decorative features to the landscape almost all year round.
Japanese Flowering Plum (Prunus cerasifera)
Japanese Flowering Plums grow as tall as 24 to 26 feet tall at maturity in 10 to 15 years. Typically their width will reach 16 to 20 feet. They have a strongly upright habit as young trees, softening with age as many branches develop. Eventually they have a rounder top. On some varieties the twigs have thorns.
Flowering Plum trees are among the earliest bloomers in the spring, usually mid to late April. The single or double fragrant flowers appear on the branches in clusters of 2 or 3 before the leaves emerge. Each flower is about ¾ inch wide and depending on the variety, may be white or pink. Blooms on flowering plum trees are fleeting, lasting 4 or 5 days at best. In the fall, small dark fruits, purplish to black in color develop. They are about an inch in diameter and are edible. Some varieties have been bred to produce no fruit.
Flowering Plum foliage is very ornamental in its own right. Leaves are oval, tapering at the tips, and are about 2 inches long. They are a stunning dark purple, sometimes appearing almost black. Somewhat glossy, these leaves have a softer texture than those of apples, peaches, and most other fruit trees. Because plum trees are deciduous, the foliage falls in the fall, often turning a paler purple or reddish color first.
Choices of Flowering Plum
Atropurpurea (Pissard Plum) has reddish-purple foliage all summer. It can handle hot, dry Midwest sites;
Hollywood starts green, turns deep purple;
Black Myrobalan Plum Nigra has the darkest leaves; Pendula has drooping branches.
Thundercloud retains dark foliage color best all summer.
Krauter Vesuvius and Newport have few or no fruits.